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Publications and Reports: 1993

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Macromycetes and Air Pollution, by G. Gulden, K. Hoiland. K. Bendiksen, T. E. Brandrud, B. S. Foss, H. B. Jenssen & D. Laber. Bibliotheca Mycologica: Band 144. J. Cramer, Berlin. 81 pp.

Notes on Bondarzewia, Heterobasidion, and Pleurogala.

Further Observations on the genus Phaeocollybia.

Some fungi of Pacific Northwest old growth forests.

Mycena gaultheri rediscovered after 50 years.

Phaeocollybia in western Canada.


  • Lorelei L Norvell. 1993.
    Macromycetes and Air Pollution, by G. Gulden, K. Hoiland. K. Bendiksen, T. E. Brandrud, B. S. Foss, H. B. Jenssen & D. Laber. Bibliotheca Mycologica: Band 144. J. Cramer, Berlin. 81 pp. Mycologia 85(5): 878-879.
    CONTENTS: Book Review comparing fungal biodiversity in three different European forests across an air pollution gradient. "This compact volume contains the results of a well-designed ecological investigation of the impact of air pollution on macromycetes. The authors present their experimental design and analyses in succinct, straightforward fashion. In so doing, they have provided an excellent model for future research… The book is highly recommended for anyone contemplating a similar study, for those interesting in tracking the effects of man on the environment, and for anyone interested in the progress being made in ecological mycology today."
  • SA Redhead, LL Norvell. 1993.
    Notes on Bondarzewia, Heterobasidion, and Pleurogala. Mycotaxon 48: 371-380.
    ABSTRACT: Latex production by Bondarzewia mesenterica is documented. Reportedly positive amyloid reactions of basidiospores of Heterobasidion annosum are refuted. Taxonomic implications of both observations are discussed. Pleurogala gen. nov. is proposed for Lactarius sec. Panuoidei. ALSO NOTED: (i) First report of latex by Bondarzewia mesenterica (=B. montana); (ii) new combinations: Pleurogala panuoides, P. uyedae, P. campinensis, P. igapoensis; (iii) discussion on the phylogeny of Russulales. (See also Projects: Taxonomy and Nomenclature)
    -- Cited in Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi (1995, Hawksworth et al.); Biodiversity of the genus Lactarius Pers. in tropical Africa (Verbeken 1996 Rijksuniversiteit Gent PhD dissertation]; Canadian Journal of Botany (Petersen & Methven 1994, Hibbett & Donoghue 1995); Handbook to Strategy 1 fungal species in the Northwest Forest Plan (1999, Castellano et al.); Index of Fungi (1994, Kirk - ed).; Introductory Mycology, 4th Edition (1995 - Alexopoulos, Mims & Blackwell); Journal of Microbiology (Kim & Jung 2000); McIlvainea (Litten 1994); Mycologia (Buyck & Horak 1999, Miller et al. 2001); The Mycota (Chpt. 5 Hibbett & Thorn 2001); Mycotaxon (Wu 1996, Verbeken 1998, Petersen 2000; Redeuilh et al. 2001); Russulales News (Buyck 1995); Spore Prints (Sieger 1994)
  • LL Norvell, JF Ammirati. 1993.
    Further Observations on the genus Phaeocollybia. Abstract in Inoculum 44(2): 51-52.
    ABSTRACT: Field work from British Columbia to California since 1991 has resulted in extensive collections (370) of 14 described and several undescribed species of Phaeocollybia (Agaricales, Cortinariaceae). Pacific Northwest species exhibit a preference of coastal old-growth coniferous forests. Perceived rarity may be explained by patchy distribution within general habitats, with several species often fruiting together in an area. Excavations have revealed two different growth patterns: basidiomes arise either in a fasciculate "starburst" or successively from existing pseudorhizae. Microscopic tibiiform outpocketings on the base of the pseudorhizae have been confirmed as a generic feature; these processes have also been found on mycelia, stipe fibrils, and pileus scales. Velate primordia, uncharacteristic of the genus, have been discovered in P. californica. Other discoveries include recognition of two pseudorhizal types and the artifact nature of apical outgrowths on clavate cheilocystidia. Variability of clamp connections in certain species complexes is the subject of further study. (See also Projects: Phaeocollybia)
  • JF Ammirati, LL Norvell, T O'Dell, M Seidl, G Walker. 1993.
    Some fungi of Pacific Northwest old growth forests. Abstract in Inoculum 44(2): 25.
    ABSTRACT: For several years we have been studying the macrofungi of True Fir-Hemlock, Sitka Spruce-Hemlock and Douglas Fir-Hemlock old-growth forests in western Washington State. Basic to this study are the compilation of fungus species by forest type and the phenologies (fruiting periods) of individual species. Also, we are determining which macrofungi are characteristic of old-growth forests and whether or not there are rare or endangered taxa. This preliminary report will include species lists by forest type, present basic phenological patterns, and indicate some of the potentially rare and perhaps endangered species. (See also Projects: Northwest Forest Plan, Biodiversity)
  • SA Redhead, LL Norvell. 1993.
    Mycena gaultheri rediscovered after 50 years. Mycotaxon 46:97-105.
    ABSTRACT: Examination of recent collections of Mycena gaultheri confirms that there are significant taxonomic features separating it from members of sections Polydelphia and Basidipedes; therefore a new section of Mycena Testudini is proposed. Range extension from Washington to Oregon is noted. ALSO INCLUDED -- (i) Redescription of rare mushroom; (ii) discussion of impact of biodiversity surveys on classification. (See also Projects: Agaric Taxonomy and Nomenclature)
    -- Cited in Die Gattung Mycena s. l. (Rexer 1994 PhD diss.); Index of Fungi (1993); Inoculum (Lizon 1995); McIlvainea (Litten 1993)
  • SA Redhead, LL Norvell. 1993.
    Phaeocollybia in western Canada. Mycotaxon 46: 343-359.
    ABSTRACT: The first records of Phaeocollybia from western Canada are documented along with additional eastern Canadian collections. Both P. carmanahensis sp. nov. [now considered a synonym of P. oregonensis] and a form of P. kauffmanii [now recognized as P. redheadii] were discovered in old growth forest in the Carmanah Valley, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Taxonomic problems in the P. kauffmanii complex in both the eastern and western United States are discussed. The presence of minute capitate cystidioid elements on the pseudorhizae is reconfirmed as a generic feature. ALSO INCLUDED -- (i) new eastern Canadian records from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; (ii) SEM photos of spores. (See also Projects: Phaeocollybia)
    -- Cited in Australasian Mycologist (Rees & Syme 1999) ; Biodiversity in British Columbia: Our Changing Environmen (1993 - Redhead chapter); Conservation Biology Principles for Forested Landscapes (1998 - MacKinnon chapter); Index of Fungi (1993, Kirk - ed).; Macrofungi of British Columbia: requirements for inventory (1997 - Redhead); Management recommendations for survey and manage fungi. Version 2.0 (1997 - Castellano & O'Dell); McIlvainea (Litten 1993); Mycologia (Bandala et al. 1998); Mycotaxon (Rees & Wood1996); Standardized Inventory Methodologies for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity: Macrofungi (including the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota (1997 - Redhead & Berch; Resources Inventory Committee web document)

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Last updated on October 13, 2003